Numismatik Lanz München   |   Auction 157   |   9 December 2013
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Lot 97



Estimate: 40'000 EUR   |   Starting price: 24'000 EUR Price realized: 65'000 EUR
GRIECHISCHE MÜNZEN
MAKEDONIEN
THRAKISCH-MAKEDONISCHE STÄMME
UNBEKANNTE MÜNZSTÄTTEN. Doppelter Siglos, um 500 v. Chr. Kopf eines Kriegers mit korinthischem Helm nach links; der Helmbusch ist durch eine gestrichelte Linie angegeben, von der Kalotte ist er durch eine kleine Rinne abgesetzt. Das Gesicht ist durch Wangenklappen geschützt, an deren unterem Rand der gestrichelte Bart sichtbar ist. Rs: Siebensaitige Lyra mit Schildkrötenpanzer als Resonanzboden (Chelys), Hörnerarmen und Querjoch in vertieftem Feld, das die Konturen des Instrumentes umschreibt. BMC Caria 188,2; K. Regling, Cat. Warren Coll. 1179; Seltman, NC 1949 I, Taf. I 4; Jameson Coll. I (1913) 1844 Taf. 97, aus dem Taranto Hoard (= Leu AG, Auktion 28. Mai 1974 ,'Kunstfreund', Nr. 13 mit ausführlicher Literatur). 10,62g. Äußerst selten. Breiter, flacher Schrötling, Vs. Doppelschlag, kleine Versinterungen, Rs: Kleine Schrötlingsrisse, sonst vorzüglich. The reason for the attribution of this particular coin and a few more specimens of that type to the island of Calymna is because its types are similar to those of that island's silver coinage of the 3rd century BC: it shows a bearded man and a helmet. The attribution to Calymna did never appear convincing especially because similarity of types alone is not a good argument. Furthermore there is a gap over two centuries between the two coinages where Calymna issued no coinage at all. Those facts weaken the hypothesis. U. Wartenberg (Calymna calumniated..., in: Essays M.J. Price, London 1998, 363ff.) has a far more impressive array of arguments to associate this coinage with an unknown mint in Macedonia or Thrace: The coins are characterised by a thin flan and are almost sharp on the edges, very similar to the coins of the so called Thraco-Macedonian tribes. Conversely archaic coins from Asia Minor have a more nugget-shaped appearance. The outline of the incuse instead of a simple 'quadratum incusum' is a technique which can be observed in Apollonia in Thrace (e.g. SNG BM 148). The weight standard, based on the Persian siglos, was used not only in the western Satrapies of the Achaemenide Empire but also in the mints of Macedonia and Thrace during the Archaic period. Finally the last sound argument for the attribution of this coinage to the Thraco-Macedonian region is the helmeted bearded head on the obverse, whereas actually a helmet on its own is very common on Greek coins of this period. Also the lyre, the famous instrument of the Thracian hero-musician Orpheus, can be associated with the nothern areas.

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