Numismatik Lanz München   |   Auction 159   |   8 December 2014 Sort by Lot-NumberSort by Estimate
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Lot 82





Estimate: 20'000 EUR   |   Starting price: 12'000 EUR Price realized: 15'000 EUR
GRIECHISCHE MÜNZEN
MAKEDONISCHES KÖNIGREICH
ALEXANDER I. (498 - 454)
Oktodrachme, um 480 v. Chr. Nackter Jüngling mit Petasos und zwei Speeren hinter einem Pferd mit Zaumzeug nach rechts, auf der Pferdekruppe Beizeichen Kerykeion (!) nach rechts liegend. Rs.: Viergeteiltes Quadratum Incusum. Svoronos XII, 1 und 5, Kraay - (493 Var., dort ohne Beizeichen Kerykeion; dort Alexander I.), Raymond ANS NM 126 - (vergleiche Tafel 2/6 Var., dito), SNG ANS - (dito), AMNG S. 49, Nr. 7 (nur ein weiteres exemplar mit Kerykeion bekannt), SNG München -, BMC -, Svoronos , Slg. Pozzi , Gaebler - . 27,29g. Sehr selten. Perfekt zentriert, vorzügliches Prachtexemplar. The legend bearing (BISALTIKWN) Octodrachms of the Bisaltae can be clearly attributed to the Bisaltae tribe, located on the lower Strymon river near the Thracian people. Octodrachms with the same design but without this legend, seem to be slightly younger based on their advanced style. Although the archaic smile (derived from central Greece) is still preserved on this coin, the upper part of the body of the Heros however is nearly completely turned right and now seen from profile. The attribution of the coin, which lacks a legend, has been frequently discussed. Some scholars regard them as just a further development of the earlier legend struck by the Bisaltae (mentioned above), while others claim that they were struck under Alexander I (in an unknown Macedonian mint). SNG ANS: "The uninscribed coins 1-7 were attributed to the tribal Bisaltae ... more recent thinking, however, ascribes the coins to Macedon in the early part of Alexanders`s rule." Just a few pieces of this exact type (with Kerykeion mintmark on the croup of the horse) are published. It has to be mentioned that two other types of Octodrachms bear the same mintmark located on the croup of the horse. The first one is comparable to the obverse of this specimen (Numismatica Ars classica Auction 78 (26.5.2014)/Lot 232 - SNG ANS 23), the second shows a horseman with two spears and the dog "spitz" in the right field (Auction Leu Numismatik AG (16.5.2001)/ Lot 173 - Raymond 5 a, pl. 3, 5). The reverse of both pieces can be attributed to Alexander I, as they both bear a sunken incuse frame around the linear border of a quadripartite square bearing the name "ALEXANDPO". As far as we know, only coins of Alexander I show the symbol of the Kerykeion on the croup of the horse and strong evidence now suggests that our piece might have been struck under the reign of the Macedonian king. Nonetheless we are still unaware of the exact location where this piece was struck. It is very possible that the coin originated from the tribal area of the Bisaltae, which had been annexed by Alexander I around 480 BC. The kerykeion might be seen not only in a conventional sense as a kind of brandmark. The appearance of the Kerykeion as a "macedonian emblem" on that specimen type could indicate the occupation of the Bisaltae area by the Macedons In addition to this specimen, examples of other coin types may indicate the early expansion of the Macedonian empire. The early coins from Larissa e.g. with the Spitzdog (only known from pieces of Alexander I) and their typical "northern" style (Numismatik Lanz Auction 158/148 - BCD Thessalien 144) might confirm the abandonment of Thessaly by the allied Greek army to the Persian-Macedonian troops during the Persian war.

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