Hess Divo   |   Auction 330   |   21 May 2016
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Lot 191





Estimate: 75'000 CHF   |   Starting price: 60'000 CHF Price realized: 150'000 CHF
HABSBURGISCHE ERBLANDE - ÖSTERREICH
RÖMISCH - DEUTSCHES REICH
Ferdinand II., 1592-1618-1637. 6 Dukaten 1628, St. Veit. Geprägt mit den Stempeln des Reichtalers. FERDINANDVS II D G ROM IM SEM AV G HV ET BO REX. Brustbild des Kaisers nach rechts // ARCHID AVS ET CARINTHIAE DVX BVR EC. Grosse Wappenkartusche umgeben von der Ordenskette vom Goldenen Vlies. Oben zwei Putti mit Schwert resp. mit Zepter, die die Kaiserkrone über einem Kärntner Wappenschild halten. M.z.A. ­ (cf. S. 129, 12 und 8 Dukaten); Slg. Horsky 1683; Slg. Trau 202 (dieses Exemplar). 20,85 g. GOLD. Äusserst selten. Attraktives, vorzügliches Exemplar mit feiner Goldtönung

Provenance: Auktion LHS Numismatik AG 100, Zürich 2007, Los n°1280.
Sammlung Trau, Auktion Gilhofer & Ranschburg und Adolph Hess AG, Wien 1935, Los n°202.

Ferdinand II (9 July 1578 – 15 February 1637), a member of the House of Habsburg, was Holy Roman Emperor (1619–1637), King of Bohemia (1617–1619, 1620–1637), and King of Hungary (1618–1625). His rule coincided with the Thirty Years' War. Ferdinand's aim, as a zealous Catholic, was to restore Catholicism as the only religion in the Empire and suppress Protestantism. He was born at Graz, the son of Charles II, Archduke of Austria, and Maria Anna of Bavaria. He was educated by the Jesuits and later attended the University of Ingolstadt. In 1617, he was elected King of Bohemia by the Bohemian diet, in 1618, King of Hungary by the Hungarian estates, and in 1619, Holy Roman Emperor. His devout Catholicism and negative regard of Protestantism caused immediate turmoil in his non-Catholic subjects, especially in Bohemia. He did not wish to uphold the religious liberties granted by the Letter of Majesty conceded, signed by the previous emperor, Rudolph II, which had guaranteed the freedom of religion to the nobles and the inhabitants of the cities. Additionally, Ferdinand was an absolutist monarch and infringed several historical privileges of the nobles. Given the relatively great number of Protestants in the kingdom, including some of the nobles, the king's unpopularity soon caused the Bohemian Revolt. The Second Defenestration of Prague of 22 May 1618 is considered the first step of the Thirty Years' War. In the following events he remained one of the staunchest backers of the Anti-Protestant Counter Reformation efforts as one of the heads of the German Catholic League. Ferdinand succeeded Matthias as Holy Roman Emperor in 1619. Supported by the Catholic League and the Kings of Spain and the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, Ferdinand decided to reclaim his possession in Bohemia and to quench the rebels. On 8 November 1620 his troops, led by the Flemish general Johann Tserclaes, Count of Tilly, smashed the rebels of Frederick V, who had been elected as rival King in 1619. Ferdinand died in 1637, leaving to his son Ferdinand III, Holy Roman Emperor, an empire still engulfed in a war and whose fortunes seemed to be increasingly chaotic. Ferdinand II was buried in his Mausoleum in Graz. His heart was interred in the Herzgruft (heart crypt) of the Augustinian Church, Vienna.

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