DEUTSCHE MÜNZEN UND MEDAILLEN
Estimate: 125'000 CHF
Starting price: 100'000 CHF
Price realized: 230'000 CHF
10 Dukaten o.J. (1793). Mit Titel von Franz II. MONETA REIP RATISBONENSIS. Regensburger Stadtwappen (gekreuzte Schlüssel), umher Eichenkranz, darunter die Münzmeistersignatur G C B (Georg Christoph Busch) // FRANCISCVS II D G ROM IMP SEMP AVG. Büste rechts mit Lorbeerkranz, darunter die Stempelschneidersignatur KÖRNLEIN (Johann Nikolaus Körnlein). Beckenb. 224; Fr. 2570. 34,86 g. GOLD. Von grösster Seltenheit, vor allem in dieser Qualität. Prooflike. Vorzügliches Prachtexemplar
Provenance: Auktion F.R. Künker 221, Osnabrück 2012, Los n°8311.
Anlass für die Prägung des vorliegenden Stückes war die Huldigung der Stadt Regensburg für Franz II. am 11. April 1793.
Regensburg is a city in south-east Germany, situated at the confluence of the Danube, Naab and Regen rivers. The medieval centre of the city is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and a testimony of the city's status as cultural centre of southern Germany in the Middle Ages. In 1245 Regensburg became a Free Imperial City and was a trade centre before the shifting of trade routes in the late Middle Ages. In 1486, Regensburg became part of the Duchy of Bavaria, but its independence was restored by the Holy Roman Emperor ten years later. The city adopted the Protestant Reformation in 1542 and its Town Council remained entirely Lutheran. From 1663 to 1806, the city was the permanent seat of the Imperial Diet of the Holy Roman Empire, which became known as the Perpetual Diet of Regensburg. Thus, Regensburg was one of the central towns of the Empire, attracting visitors in large numbers. Although the Imperial city had adopted the Reformation, the town remained the seat of a Roman Catholic bishop and several abbeys. Three of the latter, St. Emmeram, Niedermünster and Obermünster, were estates of their own within the Holy Roman Empire, meaning that they were granted a seat and a vote at the Imperial Diet (Reichstag). So there was the unique situation that the town of Regensburg comprised five independent "states" (in terms of the Holy Roman Empire): the Protestant city itself, the Roman Catholic bishopric, and the three monasteries (mentioned previously). In addition, it was seen as the traditional capital of the region Bavaria (not the state), acted as functional co-capital of the Empire (second to the Emperor's court at Vienna) due to the presence of the Perpetual Diet, and it was residence of the Emperor's Commissary-Principal to the same diet.