The Roman Empire
Estimate: 25'000 CHF
Starting price: 20'000 CHF
Price realized: 26'000 CHF
Claudius, 41 – 54. Aureus, Roma 44-45, AV 7.70 g.
Description: TI CLAVD·CAESAR·AVG·P·M·T·R·P·IIII Laureate head r. Rev. PACI – AVGVSTAE Pax-Nemesis advancing r., holding caduceus in l. hand pointing at snake and raising fold of drapery below chin. References: C 55
Calicó 366 Condition:Rare. A magnificent portrait well-struck on a very broad flan and a wonderful light reddish tone. Good extremely fine Provenance: Leu sale 2, 1972, 365
Ira & Larry Goldberg sale 72, 2013, 4130 Note: By the time the emperor Claudius came to the throne after the murder of his depraved nephew Caligula, he been properly schooled in how terribly people can treat one another. Indeed, it was his enduring, impotent position in the eye of the Julio-Claudian storm that made him the central character in Robert Graves' classic work of historical fiction, I, Claudius. As a child he could not benefit from his father, who died before he reached his first year, and he apparently suffered a lack of love from his mother, the otherwise admirable Antonia, who, according to Suetonius (Claudius 3) described him as "a monster: a man whom nature had not finished but had merely begun". In the bigger picture, Claudius' physical disabilities served him well, for he survived the treacherous reigns of Tiberius and Caligula (though not unscathed, for he suffered through the aftermath of many deplorable acts). His 13-year reign was entirely unexpected. In one of Tacitus' most memorable and personal passages, he states about Claudius: "The more I think about history, ancient or modern, the more ironical all human affairs seem. In public opinion, expectation, and esteem no one appeared a less likely candidate for the throne than the man for whom destiny was secretly reserving it." For most Romans, Claudius' reign was a pleasant departure from the more oppressive reigns of Tiberius and Caligula, both of whom were generally disliked. Claudius seems to have been popular with the people and often with the army, but he usually was at odds with the senate, from whom he demanded hard work and dedication.