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Lot 94





Estimate: 800 EUR   |   Starting price: 480 EUR Price realized: 625 EUR
GRIECHISCHE MÜNZEN
TROAS
ALEXANDREIA
Drachm, 102/1-66/5, Dated CY 228, Magistrate Panaretos. Laureate head of Apollo left. Rev: ΣΜΙΝΘΕΩΣ / [ΑΠ]ΟΛΛΩΝΟ[Σ] / ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΕΩ[Ν] / ΠΑΝΑΡΕΤΟ[Υ]. Apollo Smintheus standing right, quiver over shoulder, holding bow, arrow, and patera; monogram to inner left, date to inner right. Bellinger A164; SNG Copenhagen -. 4,00g. Äußerst selten. Sehr schön. Situated on the coast of Asia Minor, southwest of the site of ancient Troy, Alexandria Troas was founded by Antigonos I Monophthalmos around 310 BC, under the name of Antigoneia. The inhabitants of the new city came from the neighboring towns of Kebren, Kolone, Hamaxitos, Neandria, and Skepsis. About a decade after its founding the place was enlarged by Lysimachos, king of Thrace, who renamed it Alexandria in honor of the memory of Alexander the Great. The city flourished and its prosperity continued into Roman times. This drachm belongs to the period of the city’s autonomy following the devastating defeat of Antiochos III of Syria by the Romans at the battle of Magnesia in 189 BC. Apollo Smintheos is depicted on both sides of the coin, the deity actually being named in the reverse inscription. While the origin of his designation is uncertain, though it may be derived from óìéíèoò, or mouse, whom the Greeks may have connected with disease; Homer, in the opening pages of the Iliad, has Apollo Smintheos bring down plague on the Greeks because of Agamemnon’s arrogance toward Chryses, the god’s high priest. Apollo Smintheos’ temple lay at Chryse, within the territory of Hamaxitos, one of the cities which had provided the original population of Alexandria. The statue of the god, by the celebrated Parian sculptor and architect Skopas, showed him standing with a mouse at his feet. This particular drachm is part of a series of dated issues that began during the time of Mithradates VI of Pontos (see Callataÿ, pp. 155-9). Consisting primarily of tetradrachms, of which fewer than 40 examples are known, this series was sporadically minted over the course of approximately 50 years. All of these issues bear the same types and monogram, but various magistrates’ names appear in the exergue on their reverses.

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