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Lot 579

Estimate: 100'000 CHF   |   Starting price: 80'000 CHF Price realized: 170'000 CHF
TRANSYLVANIA. Johann Kemeny, 1661-1662. 10 Ducats 1661, Klausenburg. IOAN KEMEN D G PRI TRA. Cuirassed bust to right, wearing fur hat and holding sceptre in his right hand // PAR REG HVN DO ET SIC CO. Crowned oval shield within ornamented frame with the arms of Transylvania, in the centre the Kemeny arms (stag on crown). Fr. 234; Resch 1. 34,48 g.
GOLD. Of the highest rarity, only two examples known in auctions.
Min. rim nick, otherwise extremely fine
Provenance: Auction Hess & Leu, Lucerne 17.10.1962, lot n°691.
Johann Kemény was elected prince by the Transylvanian Diet on 1 January 1661, after Ákos Barcsai, backed up by the Turks, was forced to resign. In April 1661, the Transylvanian Diet, led by Kemény, proclaimed the secession of Transylvania from the Ottoman Empire and called on for help from Vienna. In turn, an overwhelming Turkish and Tatar army attacked Transylvania in June, defeating Kemény's army and driving him to Royal Hungary. The Turks installed Mihály Apafi as prince; Kemény, initially supported by Austrian general Montecuccoli returned to Transylvania in early September. However, the Austrian army soon deserted him, and Kemény was killed by the Turks in the battle of Nagyszőllős.

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