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Lot 77

Estimate: 10'000 CHF   |   Starting price: 10'000 CHF Price realized: 19'000 CHF
KINGDOM OF LYDIA. CROESUS, king 561-546 BC. Stater, gold, heavy standard, Sardes mint. AV 10.75 g. Confronted foreparts of lion r., and of bull l. Rev. Two incuse squares of different size. Rosen Coll. 660; SNG Oxford 759; Traité pl. X, 1.
Very rare issue. Good very fine.
The 'Kroisos' type coinage is one of the most recognizable of all ancient Greek coinage. All of the issues in the bimetallic, gold and silver, series feature the same confronted lion and bull foreparts on the obverse, and two incuse punches (or a single punch in the case of small denominations) on the reverse. The series began on a 'heavy' standard, with gold and silver staters of equal weight, around 10.6-10.7 grams, which was later reduced to about 8.17 grams for the gold. Recent studies have shown that coins of both standards circulated together, but that the heavy standard was only used for a relatively short time compared to the light standard, which continued to be used into the Persian period. The Kroiseids have also traditionally been broken down into two stylistic groups, 'realistic' and 'stylized', with hoard evidence suggesting that the former belonged to the time of Kroisos, while the latter were of the time of the Persians.

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