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Lot 703





Estimate: 350 CHF   |   Starting price: 350 CHF Price realized: 500 CHF
The Knights of St. John in Rhodes. Gigliato, n.d. AR 3.83 g. +F:ROGIªRIVS:D:PInIBVS:D.GRAm Within dotted circle Grand Master kneeling l. before patriarchal cross on base and two steps, Maltese cross on his l. shoulder; in field r., pine cone. Rev. +OSPITALS:IOhIS ° IRLnI: SQT (!)°RODI Within dotted circle cross fleury with shield of the Order at the end of each limb. Schlumberger, Orient pl.IX, 21.
Good very fine
Provenance: Auction SKA (Credit Suisse), Bern 7 (1987), 1362.
Grand Master Roger de Pins (1355-1365).
Grand Master Roger de Pins, born in 1294, was also of Provence origin. His family had furnished the Order with a number of knights, the most prominent being Gérard de Pins, a renowned military leader under Hélion de Villeneuve. The Pope renewed his request to transfer the headquarters of the Order to the mainland, especially when the new Turkish Sultan Murad I (1360-1389) started to threaten European possessions in Morea. Under Grand Master de Pins new regulations of the Order in numerous languages were issued, underlying its multinational status. By now the Order had seven „tongues“ (lang­uages) ranked, according to the antiquity of each: Provence, Auvergne, France, Italy, Aragon, England and Germany. Later the „tongue“ of Castille was assigned to the eighth position. The knights were always recruited from noble families and elected their Grand Master according to a number of very set rules. Once elected, the Grand Master was the administrative and military head of the Order, holding office for life. One of the most im­portant officials of the Order, was the Grand Hospitaller, responsible for the Hospi­tal of the Order, treating the sick. There were a number of physicians examining the patients in the presence of nursing auxiliaries and representatives of the eight tongues. There was also a dispensary and a pharmacist. The magnificent structure of the great infirmary in Rhodes (today’s Archaeological Museum) gives a good idea if the impor­tance, the Order gave to social welfare.

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