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Lot 704





Estimate: 250 CHF   |   Starting price: 250 CHF Price realized: 200 CHF
The Knights of St. John in Rhodes. Raymond Bérenger, 30th Grand Master, 1365-1374. Gigliato, n.d. AR 3.89 g. +F.RAImVnDVS. BªRªnGARII. .G.m Within dotted circle Grand Master kneeling l. before patriarchal cross on base and two steps, Maltese cross on his l. shoulder; in field r., shield with arms of Berenger. Rev. +OSPITAL S. IOhS.IRLnI.QTS. RODI Within dotted circle cross fleury with shield of the Order at the end of each limb. Schlumberger, Orient pl. X, 7.
Good very fine
Provenance: Kunst und Münzen SA, Lugano - Fixed Price List 13 (1971), 509.
Grand Master Raymond Berenger (1365-1374).
The 30th Grand Master, the third in a row to come from Provence, had distinguished himself as a very successful military commander. Soon after his election, the allied forces made a surprise attack on Alexandria, setting fire to the city and burning the en­tire Egyptian fleet. Two years later, a renewed naval operation struck the bases of Alexandretta, Laodicaea, Tortosa and Tripoli. The Sultan of Egypt, irritated by the con­stant attacks of the Knights Hospitaliers, threatened Rhodes with retaliation and conse­quently the defences on the island and the city had to be reinforced, requiring consider­able funds from Europe. As some of the contributions failed to arrive, the Grand Master asked the Pope for permission to retire. Other rivalries amongst the knights erupted, but before they could take their quarrels to the Pope in Avignon, Grand Master Berenger died in November 1374.

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